despite increasingly widespread adoption of technologies in just about each aspect of k-12 education, significant challenges are preventing widespread effective implementation. in step with researchers, though a few of these challenges are systemic and a few connected onto the technologies themselves, teachers and education top leaders share within the whole blame further.
the nmc horizon report : 2013 k-12 edition, place along via the new media consortium as half of one's horizon project, identifies key emerging problems in education technology using primary and secondary analysis and input from an advisory board comprising internationally recognized practitioners and consultants in ed tech. among those problems are challenges that represent significant constraints by the adoption of technology in education.
in past reports, those challenges have centered largely on reluctance by the a part of administrators and teachers, lack of preparation, and lack of support or funding. this years findings followed largely along those lines further, though a few new challenges were identified further.
challenge 1 : skilled development. key for many challenges is the shortage of adequate, ongoing skilled development for teachers who will be needed out to integrate new technologies into their classrooms however who will be unprepared or unable to know new technologies.
all too usually, when schools mandate the use of a selected technology, teachers are left while not the tools ( and commonly skills ) out to effectively integrate the new capabilities into their teaching ways, in step with the report. the results are that the new investments are underutilized, not used the least bit, or used within the means that mimics an recent method instead of innovating new processes that could be a lot of participating for students.
challenge 2 : resistance out to modification. resistance out to technology is available in several forms, other then one in all the key resistance challenges identified within the whole report is comfort in the standing quo. in step with the researchers, teachers and faculty top leaders usually see technological experimentation as outside the scope of their total job descriptions.
challenge 3 : moocs and alternative new models for schooling. new during this years report, new models for teaching and learning are providing unprecedented competition out to ancient models of schooling. in specific, the mooc ( huge open on-line course ) — in all probability the hottest topic in higher education immediately — was identified as being for the forefront of discussions regarding new modes of delivering k-12 education.
k-12 establishments are latecomers out to distance education in many cases, other then competition from specialized charter schools and for-profit providers has referred to as attention onto the desires of todays students, particularly those at risk, in step with the report.
challenge 4 : delivering informal learning. connected out to challenge 3, rigid lecture-and-test models of learning are failing out to challenge students out to experiment and pursue informal learning. other then, in step with the report, opportunities for such informal learning often is found in non-traditional classroom models, like flipped classrooms, that enable obtain a blending of formal and informal learning.
challenge 5 : failures of customized learning. in step with the report, theres a gap amongst the eye-sight of delivering customized, differentiated instruction and also the technologies accessible to take this doable. therefore whereas k-12 teachers seem out to see the want for customized learning, they will arent being given the tools they will want out to accomplish it, or adequate tools merely dont exist.
challenge 6 : failure to utilise technology to offer effective formative assessments. the report noted : assessment is a vital driver for educational apply and modification, and during the last years we've got seen a welcome rise within the whole use of formative assessment in educational apply. though, there remains an assessment gap in how changes in curricula and new talent demands are implemented in education ; schools don't forever create necessary adjustments in assessment practices just like a consequence of those changes. easy applications of digital media tools, like webcams that enable non-disruptive peer observation, supply considerable promise in giving teachers timely feedback they will could use.